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Chemical, rheological and parotta making characteristics of flourmill streams

Indrani, D. and Jyotsna, Rajiv and Prabhasankar, P. and Venkateswara Rao, G. (2003) Chemical, rheological and parotta making characteristics of flourmill streams. European Food Research and Technology, 217. pp. 219-223.

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<p align="justify">Chemical, rheological and parotta-making characteristics of wheat-milling flour streams were studied with the main aim of developing a speciality flour for parotta. Important quality characteristics such as ash, flour colour, dry gluten content, sedimentation value, free and bound lipid content, farinograph and alveograph characteristics of the mill streams were determined. The studies showed an increase in ash, gluten content and sedimentation value with increasing numbers of breaks in the flour streams. An increase in percentage whiteness and bound lipids was observed in the first five reduction passages (C1 to C5). The alveograph characteristics indicated that the average abscissa at rupture (L) length of the curve increased with increasing reduction streams from C1 to C5, and also that the curves were better balanced when compared to 1 BK to 5 BK. The parottas made from the first five break passages had a decreased spread ratio, dull brown colour, and fused layers and lower overall quality score (43–79). The initial reduction streams (C1 to C5) produced good quality parottas in terms of appearance, spread, layers and texture. The shear force values indicating the texture of the product ranged from 1,120 to 1,250 g. The speciality flour made by combining C1 to C5 streams had 0.45% ash, 9.63% dry gluten, 45 ml sodium dodecyl sulphate sedimentation value, 0.7% free lipid and 1.8% bound lipid and produced parottas having creamish white colour, excellent pliability, thin, transparent and distinct layers, soft texture and moderate chewiness. In the mouth the parottas broke down easily, without leaving any residue. The overall quality score of parotta was highest (93.5) for the speciality flour when compared to break and reduction streams (43–77 and 56–92 respectively).</p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wheat Flour mill streams Parotta Alveograph
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties > 03 Rheology
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 05 Processing and Engineering
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 04 Wheat
Divisions: Flour Milling Bakery and Confectionary Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:25
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/209

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