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Low Glycemic Index Foods and their Value Addition by Plants of Medicinal Value in Preparation of Formulations for Diabetics

Geetanjali, Deshpande (2008) Low Glycemic Index Foods and their Value Addition by Plants of Medicinal Value in Preparation of Formulations for Diabetics. [Student Project Report]

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This Dissertation / Report is the outcome of investigation carried out by the creator(s) / author(s) at the department/division of Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore mentioned below in this page.

Item Type: Student Project Report
Additional Information: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder causing increasing mortality through out the world. The complications of diabetes mellitus are caused by increased blood glucose level. If blood glucose level is maintained most of the complications can be avoided. Hence it becomes mandatory to constantly monitor and maintain the blood glucose level. Hence it requires a change in lifestyle itself to manage the diabetes. The management of diabetes mellitus can be achieved by a combination of antidiabetic drugs, exercise and properly designed diet. Among these factors diet plays a major role and has remained a mainstay because it can reduce the dependency of patient on drugs to a notable extent. Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine have suggested modifications in normal diet for diabetics along with other strategies of treatment. Along with synthetic drugs and exercise, many medicinal herbs have been used since ages to treat diabetes mellitus. Many of them have proven antidiabetic potential. The plant bioactives can control blood sugar level by various mechanisms of action. Not only medicinal herbs but also cereals and pulses that are consumed daily can play a vital role. The composition of diet is pivotal in management of diabetes especially amount of carbohydrates that it contains. Hence it becomes necessary to rank the food based on their carbohydrate content and rate of release of glucose into the blood stream when these foods are digested. This led to the idea of Glycemic index (GI) and Glycemic load (GL) of food. Low GI foods are rich in dietary fiber and release glucose slowly. This will avoid the patient’s metabolic system coming under stress and accumulation of glucose in blood putting load on kidneys. When these low GI foods are combined with medicinal plants, give added benefit because the plant nutraceuticals will be available in concentrated and palatable form. In a developing country like India nutraceutical oriented control of diabetes is the need of the hour. Taking the same composite daily will reduce the compliance and ultimately will be less effective. It was found that daily consumption of the composite is less effective than taking on two days interval. This increases the patient compliance and gives scope to more varieties of nutraceuticals to be used and tested. The exact cause of such phenomenon being unknown may be due to more recruits of insulin receptors or more priming of receptor cells to insulin effects. Many different plants have been used individually or in formulations for treatment of diabetes and its complications. One of the major problems with this herbal formulation is that the active ingredients are not well defined. It is important to know the active component and their molecular interaction.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes mellitus low Glycemic index foods medicinal plants herbal formulation
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 04 Diabetes Mellitus
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2009 05:18
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2009 05:18
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/8905

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