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Laboratory Studies on Membrane Deoiling of Lecithin

Manjula, S. and Subramanian, R. (2008) Laboratory Studies on Membrane Deoiling of Lecithin. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 85. pp. 573-580.

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Deoiling of lecithin using a nonporous membrane was examined in a favorable solvent (hexane) medium with soy and rice bran lecithins. During the membrane process, the acetone insoluble (AI) content of soy lecithin increased from 63.2 to 81.0% in a single step batch operation. The membrane exhibited an excellent selectivity since phospholipid (PL) reverse micelles formed in the system were rejected almost completely due to low solubility probably aided synergistically by size exclusion. Diafiltration achieved greater oil removal from lecithin as reflected in terms of higher AI and PL contents in the deoiled lecithin. In discontinuous diafiltration, the PL content increased from 33.3 to 85.5% in rice bran lecithin (150% dilution to feed) and 56.6 to 85.7% in soy lecithin (200% dilution), respectively. The simulated continuous diafiltration run showed slightly greater PL content in soy lecithin (91.3%) compared to discontinuous diafiltration (89.7%) besides offering higher productivity. The membrane showed a color reduction of*60% in soy lecithin but there was no improvement in rice bran lecithin due to the retention of degradation products. The proposed integrated membrane process with nonporous (deoiling) and nanofiltration (solvent recovery) membranes could be an attractive preposition besides being an acetone free process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acetone-free deoiling process � Nonporous membrane � Phospholipid � Rice bran lecithin � Soy lecithin
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2008 10:57
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:04
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/8683

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