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Structure and biochemical properties of starch from an unconventional source—Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome

Policegoudra, R. S. and Aradhya, S. M. (2008) Structure and biochemical properties of starch from an unconventional source—Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizome. Food Hydrocolloids, 22 (4). pp. 513-519.

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Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) belongs to the family Zingiberaceae. Its rhizomes are morphologically resemblant to ginger (Zingiber officinale) but endowed with raw mango flavor. Mango ginger is largely used in the preparation of pickles. Due to its exotic flavor and medicinal property, they are also used in the preparation of special foods, beverages and pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. This is the first report on isolation and characterization of starch from mango ginger. It was characterized with respect to amylose, solubility, gelatinization, ash, moisture content, X-ray diffraction pattern and structure of starch granules. The mango ginger contains 1.3% ash, 9.8% moisture and 45% starch with 43% amylose. Solubility and water-holding capacity (WHC) of mango ginger starch increased linearly with increase in temperature. An increase in light transmittance (%) with increase in time was observed in DMSO, this is in contrast to decrease in water. Scanning electron micrograph revealed the variations in shape of granules that appeared as round, elliptic, irregular and polygonal. The granule sizes vary between 3–20 mm for small granules and 20–48 mm for large granules. X-ray diffractogram of mango ginger starch revealed B-type of starch, a characteristic feature of Curcuma sp. and majority of tuber starch, but in contrast with C-type pattern of ginger (Z. officinale). Low solubility accompanied with high amylose content of mango ginger starch can be a metabolic advantage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Curcuma amada; Mango ginger starch; Biochemical properties; DSC; Amylose; Water-holding capacity; X-ray diffraction; FT-IR; SEM
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 25 Sugar/Starch/Confectionery
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2008 09:30
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 06:22
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/8716

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