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A Kunitz trypsin inhibitor of Entada scandens seeds: another member with single disulfide bridge.

Lingaraju, M H and Gowda, Lalitha R (2008) A Kunitz trypsin inhibitor of Entada scandens seeds: another member with single disulfide bridge. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1784 (5). pp. 850-5. ISSN 0006-3002

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Sword bean (Entada scandens) is a tree climber that belongs to Mimosoideae, a subfamily of Leguminosae. A potent Kunitz type trypsin inhibitor (ESTI) was purified to homogeneity from Entada scandens seeds by sequential ammonium sulfate precipitation, affinity chromatography on trypsin-Sepharose and DEAE-Sephacel ion-exchange chromatography. ESTI is a single polypeptide chain of 19,766 Da. Both native PAGE as well as isoelectric focusing showed a single inhibitor species with a pI of 7.43. MALDI-TOF analysis also confirmed the monomeric nature. The amino-terminal sequence of ESTI reveals significant homology to the Kunitz-type protease inhibitors of legume plants. ESTI is unique in that it contains a single disulfide bridge, and unlike other inhibitors from Mimosoideae species is a single chain polypeptide. ESTI inhibited bovine trypsin with a stoichiometry of 1:1 and the apparent K(i) was 4.9 x 10(-9) M. In vitro assay showed that ESTI inhibited the midgut proteinase of the fifth instar larvae of Rice moth (Corcyra cephalonica) with an IC(50) of 26.4+/-0.01 nM. ESTI exhibits a mixed type competitive inhibition at lower concentration and pure competitive at higher inhibitor concentrations. Phylogenetic analyses depicted a clear divergence of single disulfide containing inhibitors from other tree legume Kunitz inhibitors. The homology of ESTI to Kunitz inhibitors together with the absence of Bowman-Birk type inhibitors in sword bean further supports the theory that there exists an evolutionary relationship between the families of inhibitors found in Leguminosae.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mimosoideae Sword bean Proteinase inhibitor Mixed type competitive inhibition Multiple alignment Evolutionary theory
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 29 Protein Chemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 22 Legumes-Pulses
Divisions: Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2009 05:10
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:35
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/1801

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