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Lipid profile of cultured cells of apple (Malus sylvestris) and apple tissue.

Prabha, T. N. and Raina, P. L. and Patwardhan, M. V. (1988) Lipid profile of cultured cells of apple (Malus sylvestris) and apple tissue. Journal of Biosciences, 13 (1). pp. 33-38.

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The potentiality of apple cell cultures to synthesize not only higher quantities of lipids than apple fruit but also different classes of lipids is noted. Total lipid was 15-fold higher in apple callus than in the original tissue. On callusing, linoleic acid decreased from 66% to 14%, while linolenic acid showed a very large increase from 0·9% to 44%. Stearic and oleic acids also increased in callus. The relative amounts of sterol/hydrocarbon and diglyceride fractions were higher in callus cultures, while apple tissue showed higher levels of triglycerides and sterol. Phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol seemed to be newly synthesized during callusing while other phospholipids such as lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidic acid decreased. There was much higher glycolipid in apple callus than in the original tissue. The ratio of neutral lipid to polar lipid was higher in apple than in apple callus.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apple; callus culture; lipid profile
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 03 Biochemistry & Molecular Biology > 11 Lipid Biochemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 01 Apple
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2018 06:07
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 06:07
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/4566

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