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Changes in sugars and amino acids during parboiling of rice.

Ali, S. Z. and Bhattacharya, K. R. (1980) Changes in sugars and amino acids during parboiling of rice. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 4 (3). 169-179, 8 ref..

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Changes in reducing sugars (RS), sucrose (SUC) and free amino acids (FAA) in rice as a result of parboiling (soaking and steaming), or just soaking (at a number of different temp.), were studied; effect of milling was also studied. RS contents (%) were in raw brown rice 0.08, raw milled rice 0.08, parboiled brown rice 0.22 and parboiled milled rice 0.19; corresponding SUC contents (%) were 0.93, 0.02, 0.66 and 0.65; corresponding FAA contents (mol/100 g) were 0.80, 0.23, 0.83 and 0.80. Changes in RS, SUC and FAA after soaking raw rice at 37 degree , 60 degree and 80 degree C are presented graphically. There were considerable increases in RS (max. at 60 degree C) and larger decreases in SUC, leading to overall lower sugar content after soaking. Steaming affected rice contents much less than soaking. Time courses of effect of incubation of brown rice, degermed rice, rice germ and rice flour at 37 degree , 55 degree and 80 degree C on RS, SUC and FAA contents are presented graphically. It is concluded that rice contents are subject to enzymic action during the soaking stage, RS being produced from SUC and other sources, and some FAA being produced. A considerable part of the sugars is leached out during soaking (0.5% of grain wt. after 24 h at 37 degree C).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BOILING-; rice, parboiling & composition of; SOAKING-; rice, soaking & composition of; SUGARS-SPECIFIC; rice, soaking & reducing sugars in; SUCROSE-; rice, soaking & sucrose in; AMINO-ACIDS; rice, soaking & free amino acids in; rice, parboiling & free amino acids in; rice, parboiling & sucrose in; rice, parboiling & reducing sugars in; RICE-; parboiling & composition of rice; soaking & composition of rice
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 01 Rice
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 03 Amino Acid Chemistry
Divisions: Grain Science and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2008 05:07
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:43
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/3341

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