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Bioactive principles from Cordyceps sinensis: A potent food supplement – A review.

Shashidhar, M. G. and Giridhar, P. and Udaya Sankar, K. and Manohar, B. (2013) Bioactive principles from Cordyceps sinensis: A potent food supplement – A review. Journal of Functional Foods, 5 (3). pp. 1013-1030.

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Cordyceps sinensis (CS) is a well-known entamophagus fungus, naturally distributed in the Tibetan Plateau of Asia and Himalayas. Recently this synonym is transferred to Ophiocordyceps by both scientific and non-scientific communities. It is widely used as a tonic and medicinal food in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as it possess wonderful health benefits. To support its functional attributes, various investigations have been carried out to find out its adaptogenic, aphrodisiac, anti-oxidant, anti-aging, neuroprotective, nootropic, immunomodulatory, anti-cancer and hepatoprotective role. Its fruiting portion as well as the larvae possesses potent bio-active fractions and their composition almost found to be similar in both. The bioactive principles are nucleosides, exo-polysaccharides, sterols and, proteins, among others. Among nucleosides, adenosine and cordycepin are the major biochemical markers. Further, different types of solvent extracts and their mixtures exhibit wide range of pharmacological activities, while the water and methanol extracts with the richest sources of nucleosides and polysaccharides also show wide range of pharmacological activities. This review gives a panoramic view of potential health benefits of various classes of bio-active fractions along with the need for sustainable management of CS for human wellness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cordyceps sinensis; Bioactives; Extraction; Health benefits
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 04 Fungi
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 18 Processed foods > 04 Functional foods
Divisions: Food Engineering
Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2016 10:51
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2016 10:51
URI: http://ir.cftri.res.in/id/eprint/11235

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